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New Study Reveals What A Single Energy Drink Does To Your Body

Energy drinks are loaded with stimulants and, more often than not, sugar as well. That shouldnt come as a shock; its in the name. So surprise surprise, chugging these things is probably not great for your body. But with headlines suggesting just one can of the stuff could raise your heart disease risk, some Red Bull connoisseurs may already be panicking about their poor tickers.

The results of this latest study are not quite so sinister. What it actually revealed was that drinking a 480-milliliter (16-ounce) canof one particular brand of energy drink could lead to increased blood pressure and a rise in stress hormone levels in healthy adults. These short-term changes could predispose an individual to a higher risk of cardiovascular disease.

The investigation, conducted by Mayo Clinic scientists, involved just a small number of participants: 25 adults with an average age of 29, 14 of whom were men. Their mean body mass index was in the middle of the healthy range (25), none of them were smokers, and as far as they were aware they were not afflicted with any diseases.

The experimental setup was pretty simple.Participants were given a commercially available energy drink (Rockstar) and a placebo beverage to consume within five minutes. This took place on two separate days, the order of which was random, but no further than two weeks apart. The placebo was virtually indistinguishable in terms of taste, color and texture, but it didnt have any of the stimulants found in high amounts in Rockstar, and other energy drinks, like caffeine and taurine.

Image credit: Keith Homan/Shutterstock

Before each study day, participants were told to fast and abstain from both booze and caffeine. Both before each test and 30 minutes afterward a variety of measurements were taken, including caffeine and sugar levels, blood pressure, and heart rate. They also looked at norepinephrine (noradrenaline) in the blood, a stress hormone known to increase heart rate, blood pressureand the release of sugar from stores to prepare you to fight or flee a situation.

As described in JAMA, unsurprisingly, caffeine levels shot up after drinking Rockstar, but not the placebo. While heart rate and blood pressure were within the normal range and similar at the start of both the placebo and energy drink days, average blood pressure increased after consuming the latter, although heart rate remained unchanged in both conditions. Additionally, norepinephrine levelsrose after consuming Rockstar, and it is the combination of these two effects that the scientists state may predispose to increased heart disease risk.

Weve known for a while that caffeine can raise blood pressure, and considering these beverages often contain upwards of 200 milligrams of the stuff, that finding isnt particularly surprising. And weve already noted obvious limitations of the study: a small sample and using only one energy drink. Furthermore, as pointed out by Tracy Parker, Heart Health Dietician at the British Heart Foundation, the study failed to identify what precisely was responsible for the observed increase in norepinephrine and blood pressure.

“It is hard to pinpoint whether it is the caffeine, other stimulants or a combination of ingredients in energy drinks that cause this effect and whether this would lead to any heart problems,” Parker told IFLScience. “However, more research is needed into the effects of energy drinks on the body.”

Read more: http://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/does-single-energy-drink-really-raise-risk-heart-attack0

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Jimmy Kimmel thanks hospitals for saving his son, slams Trump in teary opener.

His voice breaking and tears welling up in his eyes, Jimmy Kimmel delivered the most compelling 13-minute monologue of his career.

“I have a story to tell about something that happened to our family last week,” he said at the top of his show on May 1, 2017. “Before I go into it, I want you to know it has a happy ending.”

On April 21, his wife gave birth to a baby boy, William John Kimmel. Three hours later, an attentive nurse noticed the infant wasn’t as healthy as he had seemed before. Three days later, Kimmel’s newborn son underwent surgery to repair a congenital heart condition.

The most powerful and poignant part of Kimmel’s monologue comes at the end.

“We were brought up to believe that we live in the greatest country in the world,” Kimmel said, choking back tears about 10 minutes into the clip.

“But until a few years ago, millions and millions of us had no access to health insurance at all. You know, before 2014, if you were born with congenital heart disease, like my son was, theres a good chance youd never be able to get health insurance because you had a pre-existing condition.”

Kimmel is a millionaire many, many times over, and as such, he can afford just about any medical treatment in existence. But whether or not a newborn baby deserves to live shouldn’t hinge on that baby’s parent’s paycheck.

“If your baby is going to die and it doesnt have to, it shouldnt matter how much money you make. I think thats something that whether youre a Republican or a Democrat or something else, we all agree on that, right?”

Kimmel continued, “We need to make sure that the people who represent us and people are meeting about this right now in Washington understand that very clearly. Lets stop with the nonsense. This isnt football. There are no teams. We are the team. Its the United States. Dont let their partisan squabbles divide us on something every decent person wants.”

“We need to take care of each other,” he concluded. “No parent should ever have to decide if they can afford to save their childs life. It just shouldnt happen. Not here.”

As Congress considers a major health care overhaul that could leave those like Kimmel’s son vulnerable, his emotional message has the power to change everything.

“We need to take care of each other. No parent should ever have to decide if they can afford to save their childs life. It just shouldnt happen. Not here.”

As Kimmel said through tears, this isn’t about him or his son, but those less financially fortunate. It’s a truly must-watch piece of TV.

Read more: http://www.upworthy.com/jimmy-kimmel-thanks-hospitals-for-saving-his-son-slams-trump-in-teary-opener

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From Acne To Pregnancy, Here’s Every “Preexisting Condition” That Could Get You Denied Insurance Under Trump’s New Healthcare Bill

The American Health Care Act, the GOP’s Obamacare replacement plan, passed the Houseof Representatives on Thursday. What counts as a preexisting condition that could get you denied coverage under the new plan?

A lot.

The billraises concerns, especially from patient advocacy groups and physicians, that under the AHCA, people with preexisting conditions will once again find health insurance inaccessible.

Preexisting conditions were a term used by insurance companies before the Affordable Care Act to classify certain diseases or health problems that could deny a person insurance coverage or make their coverage more expensive than those whowere considered healthy.

Before the ACA

An estimated 27% of Americans under 65 have health conditions that could leave them uninsurable, accordingto the Kaiser Family Foundation. Some of the preexisting conditions that insurers declined coverage to before the ACA, according to KFF, included diseases such as diabetes and heart disease, which affects millions of Americans.

These preexisting conditions included:

AIDS/HIV, lupus, alcohol abuse/Drug abuse with recent treatment, Severe mental disorders such as bipolar disorder or an eating disorder, Alzheimers/dementia, Multiple sclerosis, Rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, and other inflammatory joint disease, Muscular dystrophy, cancer, severe obesity, cerebral palsy, organ transplant, congestive heart failure, paraplegia, coronary artery/heart disease, bypass surgery, paralysis, Crohns disease/ ulcerative colitis, Parkinsons disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease /emphysema, pending surgery or hospitalization, diabetes mellitus, pneumocystic pneumonia, epilepsy, pregnancy or expectant parent, hemophilia, sleep apnea, hepatitis C, stroke, kidney disease, renal failure, transsexualism.

Other conditions that could make it harder to purchase a health insurance plan included, according to the KFF:

Acne, allergies, anxiety, asthma, basal cell skin cancer (a type of skin cancer that doesn’t tend to spread), depression, ear infections, fractures, high cholesterol, hypertension, incontinence, joint injuries, kidney stones, menstrual irregularities, migraine headaches, overweight, restless leg syndrome, tonsillitis, urinary tract infections, varicose veins, and vertigo.

Some insurance plans before the ACA also counted rape and domestic violence as preexisting conditions, though CNN reports some states have banned that practice.

Under the ACA

One of the critical parts of the ACA was prohibiting health insurers from denying coverage or charging more for people with preexisting conditions. That wentinto effect starting in 2014, and it’s still the case.

That means that if you had any of that litany of conditions listed above (let’s say asthma), you still could have the same insurance as someone who managedto have a clean bill of heath, and someone who isa cancer survivor, pregnant, or obese.

How preexisting conditions could return

The version of the AHCA that just passed the House includes the MacArthur amendment which can allow states to avoid some of the regulations the ACAimposed. That policy, experts argue, could weaken the regulations around preexisting conditions.

Republicans, on the other hand, argue that the bill protects those with preexisting conditions.

“The amendment is very clear: Under no circumstance can people be denied coverage because of a pre-existing condition,” House Speaker Paul Ryansaid in a release.

But the difference between being denied coverage and not being able to afford coverage is the gray area that has people concerned.

“The various patchwork solutions offered by lawmakers would still leave the millions of patients we represent, who have serious and chronic health conditions, at risk of not being able to access life-saving treatments and care,” a group of 10 patient advocacy organizations saidin a release Wednesday.

The bill now has to pass the Senate, and Senate Republicanshas signaled potentially scrapping the House’s bill and coming up with one of their own.

Read the original article onBusiness insider.Follow us onFacebookandTwitter. Copyright 2016.

Read next on Business Insider:Here’s Why Couples Who Live Together Shouldn’t Be In Any Rush To Get Married

Read more: http://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/from-acne-to-pregnancy-heres-every-preexisting-condition-that-could-get-you-denied-insurance-under-trumps-new-healthcare-bill/

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How Some Healthy Foods Can Be Bad For The Environment

Vegetarians,put down your pitchforks. Meat-eaters, less of the smug grin. Yes, this article is about some of the environmental issues associated with vegetable-rich diets within the U.S., but it is not an attack on the ethics-drivendietary choices of people and it shouldnt be used as such.

A new study has looked at what would happen if the entire U.S.populationfollowed exactlythe dietary guidelines from the Department of Agriculture(USDA). The team modeledthree different scenarios: a reduction in calories consumed but no changes in diet;a shift to a more vegetable-heavy diet but no caloric reduction;and a mix of the two, which is the one recommended by the USDA.

The study, which is published inEnvironment Systems and Decisions, aims to highlight how complicated it is to balance environmental issues and human needs.

The researchersinvestigated three parameters for thescenarios: energy use for food production, blue water footprint (the amount of freshwater necessary to produce a product), and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In scenario 1,quantities of these variables were reduced by about nine percent, which is unsurprising since the only change was the consumption of fewer calories.

The diets in scenario 2 and 3 have more fish, vegetables, and fruit compared to the average U.S. diet. The higher intake of these healthy foods is balanced by a reduction in meat, solid fats, and added sugars. While this diet is good news for our bodies, as evidenced by the many benefits thought to be offered by the famous Mediterranean diet,the study suggests it might not be so good for the environment.

All three parameters actually increased under scenarios 2 and 3. For scenario 3, energy use went up by 38 percent, water use by 10 percent, and greenhouse gas emissions by six percent. Scenario 2 was found to beeven worse. But why is that?Per Calorie, production of vegetables requires more energy and water than meat, but generates only one-quarter of GHG emissions compared to beef.

Also, the study investigated a vegetarian diet, not a vegan one. “Dairy, by far, has the greatest impact on increased GHGemissions because it has the third highest emissionsintensity value, which is then compounded by USDA recommendationsfor substantial increases in dairy,” wrote the authors in thepaper.

Theres a complex relationship between diet and the environment, Michelle Tom, a Ph.D. student at Carnegie Mellon University and lead author on the paper, said in a statement. What is good for us health-wise isnt always whats best for the environment. Thats important for public officials to know and for them to be cognizant of these tradeoffs as they develop or continue to develop dietary guidelines in the future.

Another food grouprecommended by the USDA guidelines is fish.Fish has a tiny blue water footprint, as most of the fish that reachour tables come from the ocean, but this advantage is offset by high energy demands. Fisheries often need to move far from the shore, requiring significant amounts of fuel for transport and creating GHG emissions along the way.

This study is not universal, though. Its specific to the U.S., so dietary requirements, infrastructure, andcurrenteatinghabitsneed to be taken into account when makinggeneral conclusions about vegetable-rich diets. A similar dietary guideline inEuropewould actually reduce energy use, blue water footprint,and GHG emissions, largely due to the fact that food is often produced more locally.

The researchers also looked at how the parameters changefor the three scenarios based on food waste.Between 34 and 42 percent of food produced is wasted every year. The paper shows that if we could significantly reduce the amount of wasted food, our impact on the environment wouldbe drastically reduced no matter our diet. Last week, for example, Francepassed a very strict lawto fightfood waste, an important step toward a global culture of sustainable food production.

Read more: http://www.iflscience.com/environment/could-some-healthy-diets-be-bad-news-environment-0

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10+ Unbelievable Before & After Fitness Transformations Show How Long It Took People To Get In Shape

Back in 2015, at the height of the notorious ‘dad bod’ craze, people started to realize that Drake was ripped. He had been training for over 3 years, but the world only noticed when his Instagram page suddenly started heating up. Like most other things Drake has turned into a trend, his followers flocked to gyms around the world on a quest to get ‘swoll’ like Champagne Papi.

Now, this is not to say that everyone who takes fitness seriously these days is doing it because of Drake, but it’s clear that ‘making gains’ is back in style, and people are going from skinny to shredded faster than half of us can blink. If it’s done right, building muscle can actually prolong your lifespan and improve cardiovascular and bone health – as well as increase your chances of people sliding in the DM. Faster isn’t always better, though. Each person inherits different strengths and weaknesses from the gene pool, so it’s important to take your time and found out what works for your unique body. To dispel that last little thought in your head, no – steroids are never a good option, unless you want to add the increased risk of heart disease and stroke to your routine.

Here at Bored Panda, we decided to compile a list of people who bulked up big-time, and barely look like the same people in their ‘before’ photos. We’ve also included the timespan of their progress, but keep in mind that everyone builds at a different pace! Vote for your favourite transformations below, and upload your own at the bottom.

Read more: http://www.boredpanda.com/before-after-body-building-fitness-transformation/

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Regularly Reading Books Prolongs Your Life By Up To Two Years

There are many ways to improve the chance of you living to a ripe old age, and some are fairly obvious. Refraining from smoking and drinking, doing moderate-intensity exercise, and eating a relatively healthy diet are some of the more obvious ones, but a new study in the journal Social Science and Medicine also concludes that those who regularly read books add years to their lives too.

In fact, in a long-term study of 3,635 people, they found that those thatindulged in a bit of novel perusing specifically, for more than 3.5 hours per week live on averagetwo years longer than non-readers. This appeared to be linked to cognitive enhancement rather than any other associated factor, including age, sex, education, race, health, wealth, marital status, and depressive tendencies.

During the 12-year-long study, the research team led by Avni Bavishi from the Yale University School of Public Health divided their subjects into three groups: those who didnt read at all, those who read for 3.5 hours per week or less, and those who read for more than 3.5 hours per week.

Even in the second group, these occasional bookworms were 17 percent less likely to die during the follow-up period than those who did not. Before you claim that all those magazine articles you read aregood enough, however, its worth noting that this effect can only be linked to books, and not other forms of reading material.

Book reading contributed to a survival advantage that was significantly greater than that observed for reading newspapers or magazines, the authors note in their study, concluding that these findings suggest that the benefits of reading books include a longer life in which to read them.

Reading books tends to involve two cognitive processes that could create a survival advantage, the team added. First, it promotes deep reading, an immersive process that encourages readers to form connections to other parts of the material and the world around them. Second, books can promote empathy, social perception, and emotional intelligence, which are cognitive processes that can lead to greater survival.

It seems that the complex, interwoven nature of many books cannot be matched, at present, by any other type of text-based information. Nevertheless, this doesnt mean that books are the only way to engage your brain in intricate, engaging ways multiple studies across the years have shown that computer games are also excellent ways to boost intelligence and learning capabilities, both of which will undoubtedly give you an advantage in life.

Still, at this point, it seems that books rule the roost. The novelist Stephen King once said that books are a uniquely portable magic, and it appears that he was right in more ways than one.

Read more: http://www.iflscience.com/brain/regularly-reading-books-prolongs-life-two-years/

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Please follow "all" information at your own risk, You must consult your licensed physician before starting or changing any new diet or foods. WE ARE NOT MEDICAL DOCTORS: therefore, we do not diagnose illness or prescribe pharmaceuticals. None of the information offered here is intended to replace any program that your medical doctor has prescribed for you, nor does it conflict with any pharmaceutical medication you are taking.

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